In 1902 Theodore Davis, the American Egyptologist, received permission from the Egyptian government to carry out excavations in ‘The Valley Of The Kings’, with his hand-picked team he excavated for 12 long winters, Davis discovered such valuable tombs, those of Thotmes of Siptah, and of the Pharaoh Horemheb.
He also found the mummy of the heretic Pharaoh Akhenaten (Effective For Aten), whose other name, as the religious reformer who for a time introduce ancient Egyptians to quasi-monotheism, celebrating & worshipping one god, the sun-god Aten, Akhenaten is remembered for the phase, ‘The solar disc is satisfied’, and for the beautiful marble bust of his wife Nefertiti, the most famous piece of Egyptian sculpture known worldwide along with the mask of Tutankhamen.
After WWI, Theodore Davis transferred his permission to dig ‘The Valley Of The Kings’ to the Earl of Carnarvon & the archaeologist Howard Carter, and with the Carter team began the most important of all Egyptian excavations and thanks to the cinematic invention of film, this excavation captured the imagination of the world.
Reference used : The German Journalist Kurt Wilhelm Marek, better known as C.W.Ceram.
Archaeological discoveries and academic breakthroughs punctuate the history of ancient Egypt, which makes the discipline of Egyptology one of constant change, Egyptology is a bit like a second-hand jigsaw puzzle with an unknown number of pieces, no box picture to guide you, and with half the pieces missing.
Archaeologists & Academics continue with their respective searches because so many questions need to be answered, each new discovery opens up a whole new area of study and provides further insights in to the lives of the ancient Egyptians.
It’s a daunting task to try to recreate Egyptian history, for any amateur historian, let alone the professionals, because with every passing year, new Egyptians excavations uncovers information that changes or adds another exciting dimension to the history of Egypt and the culture based around the life-giving Nile.
The only way archaeologists and historians can present an accurate history of Egypt is by debate and discussions about new evidence revealed from the sands, for an example of the complexity of the situation, – take the recent satellite imagery, revealing hidden structures and lost settlements all over Egypt.