Cnoc Tlachtga : Birthplace Of The Sawin.

Cnoc Tlachtga : Birthplace Of The Sawin.

anachronous history forums EUROPE THE WESTERN ISLES Eire (Ireland) Mide Cnoc Tlachtga : Birthplace Of The Sawin.

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  • #6771

    Beric
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    Cnoc Tlachtga :                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 The Hill Of The Ward, a hill of significance in the county of Meath, the hill lies between Athboy, to the west and Rath Chairn to the east, during the Medieval times it was a site of great festivals, including one at which the Winter Fires or Bone Fires (Tine Cnamh) were lit on the Samhain, the forerunner of the modern Halloween.

    The Hill Of The Ward is associated with the powerful druidess Tlachtga, who, in Irish mythology gave birth to triplets on the hill, that was once called The Hill Of Tlachtga, where an earthen ring-fort was constructed in the Iron Age, historical associated with both the kings of Mide & the kings of Munster. The hill featured in the Irish tales of Tlachtga and her father the Arch-Druid Mug Ruith, who it was said rode his flying machine Roth-Ramach over the hill when the celebration of the Samhain was taking place. In 1168 there was a massive clan-gathering on the hill on the 31st October.

    According to Irish tradition, the 3 son of the sorcerer Magus Cy seduced the druidess Tlachtga, and she gave birth to triplets called Cumma, Doirb & Muach who became druids in their own right, it is recorded that the fire festival of the Samhain on the Hill of Tlachtga rivalled that of the extravagance of the festival dedicated to the goddess Tailtiu, also celebrated in Meath.

    Tailtiu, being the foster-mother of Lugh, who survived the invasion of the Tuatha De Danann, Tailtiu, died on the Plains of Ireland, with her Iberian people and followers who were deforesting the area for agriculture, Lugh established a harvest festival and funeral games in her honour, the Tailtin Fair, was held in Teltown, a time to test the strength and skill of the Irish, and also a favoured place for contracting marriages between the clans.

    Under Lugh’s name peace was declared at the festival, and ancient pagan religious celebrations were performed, aspects of this festival survive in the celebration of the Lughnasadh, leaving the Hill Of Tlachtga for the Samhain.

    Reference used : http://www.wikipedia.org

     

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  • #6842
    Beric
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    Tales Of The Sawin :

    If you wonder why I spell Sawin phonetically, according to its pronunciation, its because I went to go with Samuel Haines. At the beginning of the Sawin the druids called upon two wool spinners, one had a reel of red wool for the living, the other woman a reel of blue wool for the dead, both ends of the wool were staked into the ground as the women climbed the Cnoc Tlachtga.

    The reels unravelled their coloured wool, the red wool fell short of the summit, and the blue wool reached to where the arch druid was standing at the top of Cnoc Tlachtga, he proclaimed in a loud voice. ‘This Sawin is for the dead’.

    The Evergreen Magic Of The Sawin :

    When much of Irelands population lived in clearings surrounded by menacing dark forests, a place of wild beast and even wilder men, the trees themselves whispered together, or roared in the autumn winds, their longevity made a mockery of the life-span of puny humankind, so it was small wonder that these people identify trees with their mythical gods and goddess’s, or even see in the majestic trees their own far-off ancestors who had gave the folktales of their exploits.

    The Irish druids worshipped such trees as the oak and the rowan and attributed great powers to them, people touch wood to ward off misfortune, for touching the bark of the tree was a mark of respect to the spirit, as well as a plea for good fortune. The tree became symbolic, from the dawn of time, trees have influence humankind, they way of thinking and their architecture.

    Reference used : The Folklore Of Ireland & Scotland.

  • #6815
    Beric
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    The Sawin Nationwide :

    Many places in Ireland have ritual claims of staging the fire festival of the Samhain, Crauchan, in the Kingdom of Connacht seems heavily associated with the Sawin, in Irish mythology, the Sawin is the time that the prehistoric graves from before time immemorial open and the gods, goddesses and spirits of the past who walked the earth in times gone by can interact with the living. It was a time to wear unusual costumes or to dress in transgender ways to confuse the spirits who were perhaps seeking revenge and to avoid the fear of capture.

    All the emerging creatures from the Cave of the Oweynagat would also take part in the nocturnal Sawin, the unnerving sight for the living, not quite sure what they were looking at, a quasi-human, a cunning woman’s familiar or a creature-human hybrid. The Irish Sawin became the worldwide celebration of Halloween, the basis for this is the old Gaelic belief that the year was divided into 2 parts, the Summer of light & growth and the Winter of cold & darkness, to be celebrated on the Oiche Shamhna, 31st October & the La na Marbh, 1st November regarded as The Day Of The Dead. On these 2 days the veil that separated the living from the dead was at its thinnest, when interaction between the living and the dead was possible.

    According to one of the several Irish tales celebrating the Sawin, a tale recounted in ‘The Tales Of The Elders’, for several years, at the time of the Sawin, fire-breathing monsters appeared from the Underworld and would lull the warriors of Tara into a deep sleep, and then set about burning the wooden palace and the Royal Court of the High-Kings of Ireland, to the ground. The young hero Fionn Mac Comhaill avoided falling asleep by self-inflicted pain, then with sword and shield in hand set about ridding the Hill of Tara of these subterranean fire-breathing beasts.

    The Sawin associated with Lugh, probably best known as the father of Chu Chulain, Lugh, the god of light entered the wooden court of the High-King of Tara to join the Tuatha de Danann, when he entered the wooden palace on the evening of the Sawin, the Tuatha de Danann were being oppressed daily by the Fomorians, after the High-King place this resilient young man in command of the warriors of Tara, Lugh began his preparations to defeat and overthrow the Fomorians

    The Sawin associated with the beautiful Emer, in ‘The Myth Of Wooing Emer’, the Sawin is mentioned a couple of times, the story follows the courtship of Emer with potential suitors, were Emer is transformed into various creatures before being reunited with her choice of the husband to be, also in the same story Oengus claims kingship of Bru na Boinne, better known today as Newgrange, on the night of the Sawin.

    The Sawin associated with Nera, Nera of Cruachan in the Kingdom of Connacht, undergoes a bravery test set forth by his king Ailill, a test if passed will make Nera the proud owner of the king’s gold-hilted sword. ‘A warrior must leave the wooden palace on the night of the Sawin, when human superstitions were rife, go to the gallows where the recently hanged wretch swings in the night’s wind, and tie both twigs and straws to the corpse’s right ankle.’

    Other brave warriors had tried, but the condemned corpse was surrounded by evil spirits and weird familiars, even the bravest took to his heels and fled back to the palace with the nonsense these demons were saying and doing, Nera took heart and ignored the demons and slowly completed his task, suddenly the demons vanished and the corpse came back to life, asking the now, not so calm Nera for water. After Nera provides the reawakened man with water to quench the thirst of his dry throat. Nera experiences a vision of the future, seeing the palace of Connacht burning to the ground.

    In Medieval times Rathcroghan acquired the reputation of Ireland’s Gateway to the Underworld, via Oweynagat (the Cave of the Cats). The cave in the Middle Ages became strongly associated with the fire festival of the Sawin, in recent times with the Halloween, it has also been describe as the birthplace of Maeve and also the abode of Morrigan.

    After the death of the High-King Crimthann of Tara & Ireland, the Sawin was transiently called ‘The Festival Of Mongfind’, in the respect of Crimthann’s widow.

    Reference used : http://www.wikipedia. org

  • #6775
    Beric
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    Tlachtga & Eire :

    For the druids Tlachtga & Eire were the same goddess, the goddess of fertility, the foster-mother of Lugh, with Banba & Fohla as aspects of the Triple Goddess of Ireland regarded as the original matriarch rulers of Ireland. When the kings of the Danann, were killed by the invading Milesians, Eire, Banba & Fohla gave up their lands to the Milesians, surprisingly the Milesians called their new land Eire.

    Samhain, the Festival of Allantide, the Festival of Mongfhinn, a fire festival celebrated on the 31st October/1st Novenber, the first day of the Celtic Year, this was the occasion when the Otherworld became visible to living mortals, the gates were opened so that those who had been wronged by those living could exact their revenge.

    Like most pagan activities, it was adopted by Christianity as St. Martin’s Mass or to give it, its folkloric name All Hallow’s, the night mass of 31st October became Halloween, a night when demons are let loose on the earth to entrap the innocent, a time of tricksters, that developed into the trick or treat we know today.

    There is also an Irish deity called Samhain, pronounced as Sawin, he was the brother of Cian & Goibhniu, he was left in charge of Cian’s magical cow, Glas Gabnach, when it was stolen by Balor, of the Evil Eye, who assumed the guise of a young boy and tricked Sawin into holding the cow’s halter.

    Referenced used : Jack Coleman.

  • #6774
    Beric
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    The History Of Jack O’ Lantern : It All Began With A Turnip !

    Every year, we purchase a pumpkin, or select the plumpest pumpkin from the vegetable patch, then carved the insides out and decorated with a spooky face and illuminate with either a candle or an electric light, all this started with perhaps an old pagan tale that was Christianised centuries in the past, the Irish tale of Stingy Jack that emigrated to America & the European mainland.

    Stingy Jack, also known as Jack the Drunken Smith, Jack O’ Lantern & Flaky Jack, several centuries ago, Stingy Jack was known as a drunkard, a deceiver, a trickster, and a manipulator of others, Lucifer overheard the townspeople moaning about Stingy Jack, with his evil deeds and his silver tongue, unconvinced by these petty rumours, just unwarranted gossip to Lucifer’s ears, he searched for Stingy Jack to see if he was worthy of his vile reputation.

    Typically, Jack was wandering around the Irish countryside with a half empty bottle of whiskey when Lucifer approached him with an eerie grimace, Jack realised that this could be the end of his ways, as he recognised Lucifer who had most probably come to collect his malevolent soul and drag it down to Hades, but instead Lucifer gave Jack another 10 years under the pact that he wouldn’t change his ways.

    Ten years passed quicker than Jack every thought, he died in a drunken haze and appeared at the Gates of Hades when he shouted at Lucifer. ‘I have led a life of deceitfulness and drinking, I request admission into the underworld because of my behaviour on earth.’

    Lucifer replied. ‘No-one requests admission to the underworld, this means I can not take your soul, here take this ember in a turnip lantern to light your way as you become a drifting denizen of the netherworld.’

    Much like the Headless Horseman, Jack was said to haunt the night forevermore, Irish & Scottish children delighted in carving their own scary faces on turnips for the 31st October, this practise spread to Wales & Cornwall where turnips, potatoes and beets were carved, to scare Jack’s spirit away from their homes and it was also enjoyable childlike fun.

    The grown ups of Ireland & Scotland turned the hollowed out vegetables to light the paths of the Sawin celebration, like the candle-holders of the church, when the Irish & the Scots began to seek their fortunes in America, the celebrations of the 21st October went across the Atlantic, and used the pumpkins of the Native Americans as lanterns.

    Reference used : http://www.boston.com/news/history.

     

  • #6773
    Beric
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    Cnoc Tlachtga : The Spiritual Home Of Halloween :

    Many people know that the celebration of the Halloween can be traced back to the ancient fire festival of the Samhain (Sawin) in the Ancient Celtic realm of Ireland, now we can pin-point the exact location of Cnoc Tlachtga in the County of Meath, thanks to archaeological evidence, so The Flames Of The Samhain Festival can invite members of AHF to a modern-day Halloween, where it all began two thousand years ago.

    A few miles west of The Hill Of Tara, the seat of the ancient kings of Ireland, lies a lesser known pagan site called Cnoc Tlachtga, or The Hill Of The Ward, this hill was important to the druids as the Hill of Tara was to the Irish kings, this hill represented the heart of the pagan religion of all of Ireland and is now recognised as the birthplace of the Halloween.

    The Sawin was one of the biggest pagan celebrations of the year, it symbolised the end of the light part of the year and the beginning of the dark period, like the Beltaine, the half year festivals, was a time when the portal curtain between the living and the dead were at their closest, according to the old manuscripts the druids lit the great fires of the Sawin at Tlachtga, this fire was replicated on most hills as beacons of hope.

    These bonfires would bring the goddess Tlachtga’s light to the dark winter months ahead, offering defence against evil spirits and welcoming the beneficial spirits that would see safe passage through the cold and harsh wintry months.

    In modern-day the nearby town of Athboy celebrates its historical position of being the birthplace of the Halloween on the night of the 31st October, as supporters of the festival light the beacon fire of Cnoc Tlachtga followed by a firework display. Most festival goers are encouraged to dress in period costumes like druids & druidesses, one woman is picked to be the Tlachtga queen, although many others prefer to dress as the warrior queen Maev.

    The modern-day Halloween celebrations at Tlachtga have been well-attended for the last 15 years, after archaeologists undertook an excavation on Cnoc Tlachtga, and found stone foundations from the 5th century, but beneath these foundations were a much older hill-fort dating back to 1,500 BCE, more than 3,000 years ago.

    Reference used : Old Moore’s Almanac. com.

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anachronous history forums EUROPE THE WESTERN ISLES Eire (Ireland) Mide Cnoc Tlachtga : Birthplace Of The Sawin.