Denderah : The Egyptian Zodiac.

Denderah : The Egyptian Zodiac.

Anachronous History Forums AFRICA KMT (Egypt) Denderah : The Egyptian Zodiac.

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  • #6548
    Beric
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    @beric_debenkah

    The sculptured Dendorah Zodiac, is a widely known Egyptian bass-relief from the ceiling of the portico chapel dedicated to Osiris, in the Hathor Temple at Dendera.

    The bass-relief contains images of the Bull and the Scales, this chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period, with Greek influences, its Portico was added in the time of Emperor Tiberius.

    This led Jean-Francois Champollion to date the relief to the Greco-Roman period, but most of his contemporaries believed it to be from the New Kingdom.

    The relief, which John Rogers characterised as, ‘the only complete map that we have of the ancient Egyptian sky’, which has been conjectured to represent the basis on which later astronomy were based. The bass-relief is on display at the Musee du Lourve, Paris.

    Sylvie Cauville of the Centre for Computer-aided Egyptian Research at Utrecht University and Eric Aubourg dated the bass-relief about the year 50BCE through an examination of the configuration it displays of the five known planets, a configuration that occurs once every thousand years.

    The solar eclipse indicates the date of 7th March, 51BCE, it is represented by an Eye-of-Horus locked into a circle, the zodiac is a map of the stars on a plane projection showing the 12 constellations of the zodiacal band forming 36 decans of ten days each, these decans are groups of first-magnitude stars, which were used on the Egyptian calendar based on the lunar cycles around days and the rising of the star Sirius.

    The bass-relief represents the zodiac in a circular form which is unique to ancient Egyptian art, more typical are the rectangular zodiacs which decorate the temples of other civilisations, the celestial arch is represented by a disc held by four pillars of the sky in the form of sculptured females, between which are inserted falcon-headed spirits.

    The Sphinx, that was said to have the body of a lion and pointed towards the Leo constellation, doesn’t not hold water as a theory, knowing the pre-Zodiac age of the Sphinx, I believe it was a mammoth statue dedicated to Anubis.

    Reference used : http://www.wikipedia. org

     

     

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    • #6549
      Beric
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      @beric_debenkah
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      Recent History of The Denderah Zodiac :

      On the inner circles of the bass-relief Denderah Zodiac, there are the 12 constellations displaying the recognisable to the modern eye the signs of the zodiac, some of these are represented in the same Greco-Roman iconographic forms of familiar counterparts, the Ram, the Taurian Bull, the Scorpion, and the Goat of Capricorn, albeit most in odd orientations in comparison to the conventions of the ancient Greek Zodiac.

      The Greek zodiac the would later go through Arabic & Western interpretations, whilst other symbols are displayed in a more ancient Egyptian form, Aquarius being represented by the flood god Hapy, with two urns of over-flowing water.

      Rogers noted the similarities of unfamiliar iconology with the three surviving tablets of a Seleucid zodiac and both relating to the Egyptian boundary stones, in short Rogers sees the Denderah Zodiac as a complete copy of the Mesopotamian Zodiac.

      During the Napoleonic Campaign in Egypt, Vivant Denon drew the circular zodiac, (compared to the more widely known rectangular zodiacs,) which he published in Paris in 1802AD, the elicited controversy as to the age of the bass-relief zodiac in the Egyptian portico, scholarly arguments abounded whether the date, ranging from tens of thousand years, and thousand years or only a hundred years in age, and the debate of whether the bass-relief was even a well-constructed astrological chart.

      This controversy went so far that Sebastion Saulnier, a Parisian  antique-dealer commissioned Claude Lelorrain to remove the circular zodiac with saws, jacks, scissors and gunpowder, so the ceiling of the portico was moved in 1822AD, and was installed by Louis XVIII in the Royal Library, in 1922AD the circular zodiac was moved to the Lourve.

      The controversy around the circular zodiac was referred to in the French newspapers as ‘the Denderah Affair’, involving the words of Joseph Fourier, who estimated its age to 2500BCE, Champollion, among others holding to the view that it was a religious zodiac from the 4th century AD, and George Cuvier who dated the zodiac between 123AD to 147AD. Thankfully we live in a more enlightened age of carbon-dating and leaving precious artefacts in situ.

      Reference used : Wikipedia.

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