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The sculptured Dendorah Zodiac, is a widely known Egyptian bass-relief from the ceiling of the portico chapel dedicated to Osiris, in the Hathor Temple at Dendera.
The bass-relief contains images of the Bull and the Scales, this chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period, with Greek influences, its Portico was added in the time of Emperor Tiberius.
This led Jean-Francois Champollion to date the relief to the Greco-Roman period, but most of his contemporaries believed it to be from the New Kingdom.
The relief, which John Rogers characterised as, ‘the only complete map that we have of the ancient Egyptian sky’, which has been conjectured to represent the basis on which later astronomy were based. The bass-relief is on display at the Musee du Lourve, Paris.
Sylvie Cauville of the Centre for Computer-aided Egyptian Research at Utrecht University and Eric Aubourg dated the bass-relief about the year 50BCE through an examination of the configuration it displays of the five known planets, a configuration that occurs once every thousand years.
The solar eclipse indicates the date of 7th March, 51BCE, it is represented by an Eye-of-Horus locked into a circle, the zodiac is a map of the stars on a plane projection showing the 12 constellations of the zodiacal band forming 36 decans of ten days each, these decans are groups of first-magnitude stars, which were used on the Egyptian calendar based on the lunar cycles around days and the rising of the star Sirius.
The bass-relief represents the zodiac in a circular form which is unique to ancient Egyptian art, more typical are the rectangular zodiacs which decorate the temples of other civilisations, the celestial arch is represented by a disc held by four pillars of the sky in the form of sculptured females, between which are inserted falcon-headed spirits.
The Sphinx, that was said to have the body of a lion and pointed towards the Leo constellation, doesn’t not hold water as a theory, knowing the pre-Zodiac age of the Sphinx, I believe it was a mammoth statue dedicated to Anubis.
Reference used : http://www.wikipedia. org
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