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Prydain is the Welsh name for the Islands of Britain, it became a Medieval term used in Wales, but for the sake of this unfolding tale the name of Prydain will be used in the Iron Age instead of Britannia or Albion.
Prydain refers to the Brittonic parts of the Island, that is, the southern parts of Caledonia, this distinction appears to be derived in Roman Times, when the island was divided in the Roman Britain to the south and the land of the Caledonians to the north.
The warriors north of the Roman borders eventually known as the Picts, in the Welsh language as the Brithwyr, the Welsh term for Pictland was Prydyn, which caused confusion in the ancient texts with the greater use of the expression Prydain.
In Middle Welsh texts composed in Medieval times, the related term ‘Ynys Prydein’ or ‘Ynys Brydein’ can also refer to the island (Ynys) itself, but more often is a name used for the Brittonic territories south of the northern Caledonia.
‘The Triads Of The Island Of Britain’, are a group of ancient related texts from Medieval manuscripts which preserve fragments of Welsh folklore, mythology and traditional history in groups of the magical number three.
The Triad is a rhetorical form whereby objects are grouped together in threes, with a heading indicating the point of likeness, for example, ‘three things not easily restrained, the flow of a torrent, the flight of a arrow and the tongue of a fool.’
The earliest surviving collection of the Welsh Triads are bound manuscripts held in the National Library of Wales, which has been dated from the 13th century, among the collection of 46 triads are The White Book Of Rhydderch & The Red Book Of Hergest.
The American author Lloyd Alexander created the children’s fantasy ‘The Chronicles Of Prydain’, which included a series of books, The Book Of Three, The Black Cauldron, The Castle of Llyr, Taran Wanderer and The High King, which used many Celtic motifs.
With the central character of Taran, a young adolescent caught up in the adult world of mischief and intrigue, and using many characters from Welsh mythology, The Horned King, Math and Arwan of the Underworld, to mention but a few.
Reference : http://www.wikipedia.org
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