The Ard-Ri & The Hill Of Tara.

The Ard-Ri & The Hill Of Tara.

anachronous history forums EUROPE THE WESTERN ISLES Eire (Ireland) Mide The Ard-Ri & The Hill Of Tara.

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  • #6804
    Beric
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    @beric_debenkah

    Temhair : The Hill Of Tara :

    Is a hill and ancient ceremonial and burial site near Skryne in County Meath, Ireland, according to tradition, it was the inauguration place and seat of the High-Kings of Ireland, and it also appears prominently in Irish Mythology.

    Tara consists of numerous monuments and earthworks from the Neolithic & Iron Ages, including a passage tomb, ‘the mound of the hostages’, a place of several burial mounds, round enclosures, in the centre stands ‘the stone of destiny’, and the remains of a ceremonial approach avenue leading to the standing stone.

    Tara is just a part of the larger ancient landscape, this area is now a protected National Monument, falling under the maintenance of The Office of Public Works, an agency of the Irish Government. The name Tara is the Anglicization of the Irish name Temhair or Cnoc na Temhrach, ‘the hill of Tara’, it is also known as ‘Temhair na Ri’, Tara Of The Kings, it is also recorded in ancient documents as ‘Liathdruim’, ‘the grey ridge’.

    The remains of twenty ancient monuments are visible, and at least three times that many have been found through geophysical surveys and aerial photography, the oldest visible monument is ‘Dumha na nGiall’, the Mound of the Hostages, a Neolithic passage tomb built around 3,200BCE. The tomb holds the remains of hundreds of people, most of which are cremated bones.

    Reference used : http://www.wikipedia.org

     

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    • #6853
      Beric
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      @beric_debenkah
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      Tuathal Maolgharbh :

      The High-King of Ireland, he took the throne after a dispute with his cousin, Diarmaid Mac Cearbhaill, when a druid prophesied that Diarmaid would take his rightful place on the High-King’s throne and succeed Tuathal. Maol Mor, one of Diarmaid’s more wealthy and political warriors rode to Tara with what he said was Diarmaid’s pierced heart on his lance-like spear, Tuathal came closer to inspect the bleeding heart, the loyal Maol plunged a knife into the heart of Tuathal, killing the High-King so that the prophecy of the druid came true.

      Tuathal Techtmar :

      High-King of Ireland, of Tuathal’s parentage no-one is certain, but the time period points to Fiachu & Eithne Imgheal, when his father, most probably Fiachu by the usurper Eilim, who sat of the High-King’s throne before he was attacked by the armies of Tuathal, Fiachra Casan & Findhmall at the skirmish of Achall, Tuathal Techtmar became the High-King of Tara & Ireland.

      Eochaid Mac Eachach, King of Leinster married Tuathal’s eldest daughter, but when her younger sister came to visit her, Eochaid forced himself on her, when Tuathal got to hear of this waged war on Eochaid and his Leinster warriors, who he defeated and exacted a heavy annual tribute to the Kingdom of Mide.

      Reference used : Wikipedia.org & Jack Coleman.

       

    • #6807
      Beric
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      Tara’s Significance :

      In the 11th century book entitled, ‘The Book of the Taking of Ireland’, records that ‘The Hill of Tara’, was the seat of the High-Kings of Ireland from the past until the writing, although, there is no positive evidence that the institute of the High-King conferred his authority on all of Ireland.

      The earliest written records state that the High-Kings were inaugurated there, and the ‘Senchas Mar’, a written legal manuscript compose sometime after 600AD, specified that the High-King must drink ale and symbolically marry the benevolent goddess Maeve as part on the on-going ceremony.

      The last High-King to observe this pagan inauguration rite was the High-King Diarmait mac Cerbaill, who was also seen as the first High-King in the new Christian era that was sweeping across Eire at the time.

      The Mound of the Hostages has a passage aligned with the sunrise around the time of the sacred Imbolc, the Irish Gaelic poetic festival marking the start of Springtime, and the Samhain (Sawin), a festival marking the start of the winter months. The Mound’s passage is shorter than the long sun passage and entry to Newgrange, which makes the Mound less precise with its alignment to the sun.

      In Irish mythology, Tara is said to have been the capital of ‘The Tuatha De Danann’, who are based on the gods & goddesses of ancient pagan Ireland, its states that when the Milesians, who some regard as the first Gaels! Arrived, Tara became the place from which the Kings of Mide ruled all of Ireland.

      However, there is much debate among Irish historians as to how far the Kings of Mide’s influence spread, the High-Kingship of the whole island was only established to an effective degree by Prince Sechnaill mac Maele Ruanaid or Malachy 1st in the 9th century AD, Irish pseudo-historians of the Middle Ages made it stretch back to prehistory as indicated in the Irish myths.

      Reference Used : http://www.wikipedia.org

       

    • #6806
      Beric
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      Temhair : The Hill Of Tara.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          During the late Neolithic or early Bronze Age, a huge double timber circle, wooden-henge was built on the hilltop, it was 250mtrs in diameter and surrounded the ‘Mound of the Hostages’. At least six smaller burial mounds were built around the arc of the timber circle, including those known as ‘Dumha na mBan Amhus’, ‘The Mound Of The Mercenary Women’. The timber circle was eventually either removed or decayed, and the burial mounds are barely visible today.

      There are several large round enclosures on the hill, which were constructed in the Iron Age, the biggest and most central of these is ‘Rath na Riogh’, The Enclosure of the Kings, which measures 3,300 feet in circumference, the enclosure dates back to the 1st century BCE and was originally marked out as a stake-wall, where human burials were in high concentration.

      Within the Rath na Riogh, two double-round ditched enclosures which together make the figure of eight shape, one is regarded as Cormac’s House and the other as ‘Forradh’, The Royal Seat, which incorporates earlier burial mounds, on the top of the Royal Seat is the iconic standing stone ‘Lia Fail’, The Stone of Destiny’, at which the High-Kings were crowned.

      Tara, was the original fortress of the Fir Bolg, who were defeated by the Danann, who utilised the stronghold to their advantage, with such history the Hill Of Tara became the seat of the High-Kings of Ireland, in Irish folklore there is a tale that in the days of Christianity, that the site was abandoned after Ruadan cursed it, supposedly sensing the prehistoric evil of the underworld Crom. But recently archaeology suggests otherwise, for it continued in used long after the incident with Ruadan

      Reference used : http://www.wikipedia.org

       

    • #6805
      Beric
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      The Five Roads Of Tara :

      According to legend, the five ancient roads or ‘slighe’ meet in Tara, linking it with all the Provinces of Ireland, the earliest reference to the five roads of Tara was in the tale of ‘Togail Bruidne Da Derga’, (The Destruction Of Da Derga’s Hall). The five roads were recorded as :

      (1) ‘Slighe Assail’, – Which went westwards towards ‘Lough Owel’, then onto Rathcroghan.     (2) ‘Slighe Midluachra  – Which went the settlement of Slane, then to Navan Fort, ending at Dunseverick.   (3) ‘Slighe Cualann’, – Which went to Dublin and through  the old district of Cualann heading towards Wexford.   (4) ‘Slighe Dala’ – Which went towards and through the settlement of Ossory.   (5) ‘Slighe Mhor’ – The Great Highway – Which followed the Esker Riada to County Galway.

      New Motorway Development :

      The M3 motorway which opened on the 1st June 2010, passes through the Tara-Skryne Valley, as did the previous existing N3 road, protesters argued that since the start of ‘The Tara Discovery Programme’, started in 1992, there is an renewed appreciation of The Hill Of Tara. The new motorway would encroach the ancient monument only by a mile of distance, and would intersect the old N3 at the Town of Blundelstone, a modern inter-change between The Hill Of Tara & The Hill Of Skryne.

      Protestors petitioned for an alternative route that would be 3 miles in distance from The Hill Of Tara, which would be cheaper, straighter and less destructive, by their protesting, ‘The Save Tara Campaign’, the Hill Of Tara was included in the World Monuments Fund, also the Watch List of the 100 Most Endangered Sites in the world, the in the following year The Smithsonian Institution made The Hill Of Tara a Endangered Cultural Treasure, as the motorway construction team buckled under pressure.

      Reference used : http://www.wikipedia.org

       

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anachronous history forums EUROPE THE WESTERN ISLES Eire (Ireland) Mide The Ard-Ri & The Hill Of Tara.