The Mythology Of Cymru.

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  • #6873

    The Welsh mythology consists of folk-tale traditions developed in Wales and the evolution of the bardic tales of the ancient Celtics Britons, elsewhere from Edinburgh to London before the end of the first millennium, tales told in the predominantly oral Brythonic communities, the mythology and history of Cymru was recorded and collected by specialised druidic bards for future prosperity.

    Much of this altered history and mythology was preserved in Medieval manuscripts, the writing and thoughts captured in ‘The Red Book Of Hengest’, – ‘The White Book Of Rhydderch’, – ‘The Book Of Aneirin’, – and finally, ‘The Book Of Taliesin’. Other books recorded in Latin were Geoffrey Of Monmouthshire’s ‘The History Of The Of Britons’, – ‘The History Of The Kings Of Britain’ – and the variously records of folklore from the independent Kingdoms of Cymru.

    Such as ‘The Four Branches Of The Mabinogi’, ‘The Tale Of Pwyll’, ‘Branwen Ferch Llyr’, ‘Manawydan Fab Llyr’, ‘Math Fab Mathonwy’, ‘Cad Goddeu’, and a collection of well-composed Arthurian tales, that are definitely influenced by the Celtic way of life.

    The bardic folktales are like the folklore told throughout the world with mythical creatures, animal companions with speech and human characteristics, humour about actual persons and types encountered in the Celtic world, pseudo-histories of notable people where a moral fable could be incorporated, the most important topographical tales and the use of easily recognised place-names, to enforce the feeling of the land of our fathers and mothers and lastly the Cook’s Tour of incredible voyages to foreign lands.

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    • #6874
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      The Characters & Personalities Of Pagan Cymru :

      With the introduction of Christianity and the Latin literacy of the monastic communities, the former recorded mythology of goddesses and gods, under the monk’s quill became Queens, Kings, Heroines and Heroes that could exhibit divine characteristic by the grace of the Christian God. The two rival families that dominated the literature of Cymru were the Children of Don and the Children of Llyr, every story worth its salt needs protagonists and antagonists with different points-of-view to create conflict.

      The Children of Don, Don was the daughter of Mathonwy, she became the matriarch of her descendants, although her illusive husband- consort was never either named or mentioned :

      The male Gwydion appears in ‘The Four Branches Of The Mabinogi’ as a druid magician, the tale tells of Math, the Lord of Gwynedd, who had two nephews Gwydion & Gylfaethwy, all three men are the off-spring of the goddess Don, the magic of Gwydion takes a prominence in the unfolding story, for it is Gwydion who magical contrives the conflict between Math & Pryderi, the Painted Lord of Dyfed, while their Uncle Math is away visiting another kingdom, Gylfaethwy implores his brother Gwydion to use his specialised magic so he, Gylfaethwy can win the heart and seduce the Lady Goewin, Math’s favourite courtly woman.

      When Math learns of the treachery of his nephews, reaches for his magical wand and book of spells, knowing that his mature magic is far greater the Gwydion’s, Math turns Gwydion into a stag and his brother Gylfaethwy, for the greater indiscretion into a wild boar with unattractive green tusks.

      Math after three years beginning to relent knowing full well that Gwydion is out there in the wilds avoiding hunters arrows, Math turns him back into human form, Gwydion enters Math’s court, weathered and complete naked bemoaning the lost of his rutting antlers, Math who now has both a curse and a geis placed on his being by the anger of Arianrhod,  that he will never remarry a mortal woman.

      With Math’s promise of releasing his brother Gylfaethwy from his cursed status of being a wild boar, and if his brother Gylfaethwy has avoided the hunter’s dart, back to his human form, Math now needs his nephew’s specialised magic to create Blodeuwedd out of clay and flowers that surround Math’s stronghold.

      So Gwydion takes three days to create Blodeuwedd from the leaves and fruits of oak, the greenery of wild broom and meadowsweet, all sculptured in blue clay, Blodeuwedd is extremely beautiful, but cares not for the hand-fasting arrangement of the aged Math, preferring the narcissistic pretty-boy daffodil that is the handsome courtly youngster Gronw Pebyr.  The brothers are reunited as Gylfaethwy returns to court naked as a jay bird, when Goewin presents him with a child who needs a father.

      Reference : Jack Coleman & Miranda Green.

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