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When England Was Wales :
The surviving myths of the British Celts, the Brythons, as distinguished from the Irish Celts, existing in many forms of romantic tales, especially in ‘The Mabinogion’. and similar Welsh stories like Arthurian legends and Tallesin literature, or topics referred to in the Welsh Triads, this type of literature is peppered with divinities who act as Kings, Queens, Heroines, Heroes, Druid Magicians and Fairy-Folk, all the ingredients of folkloric tales.
All retaining their original functions and character traits to embellished the standard format, the question is less easily answered in the case of Irish divinities who are also subjected to the same romantic and euhemerizing told by the ancient bards to mainly entertain the listening audience.
With religious and constant social changes of the ancient worlds, some of the goddesses became mortal people of tales of revered ancestors that gave societies roots to the lands they farm, for the Medieval story-tellers who pillaged the old tales of antiquity, reinventing them for contemporary audiences, but losing their original meanings and hidden secrets.
The Mabinogion, like those great Irish manuscripts date from perhaps the 11th & 12th centuries, yet in most cases the reinvented material is much older, when the supernatural elements were much stronger in the vivid imaginations of the ancients, these Medieval stories became good tales to tell at royal courts in the age of knightly chivalry.
When there was romance placed upon the barbarous hacking of sword and axe, from the qualifications of knighthood, replacing the king’s champion, with the virtues of bravery and also courtesy, as the social code in feudal times.
These new Welsh Middle Ages tales belonged to a systematize method of treating what they thought was the bizarreness of ancient tales and living traditions, which became the literary stock-in-trade of the Welsh Mabinog and the aspirations of the qualified bards with both the king’s approval and blessings.
Reference : Wikisource.org
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