Prehistoric Sites Around The Bosphorus 800,000-5500BCE.
A last resting place might seem an odd place to start, but a Turkish archaeologist team discovered beneath the floor of the Yenikapi Metro Station in modern Istanbul, a body found curled-up in a foetal position. Orientated south-west, north-east, cradled within a lattice of wood beneath a single piece of wood.
Also surrounded by wattle and daub of a Neolithic house, with funerary urns of this Stone Age woman, who was buried in the world’s oldest wooden coffin, these 8,000 year old remains are a unique find, unusually well-preserved in the anaerobic conditions of Istanbul’s mud and a unique insight in the burial practices of our Neolithic Anatolian ancestors.
Constans was only twenty-five years old when he became the Western Emperor of the territories surrounding the City of Constantinople, in the early seventh century AD. News arrived to the young Emperor that the Arabian army, with its recently constructed 200 ships had attacked the Islands of Cyprus, Kos, Crete & Rhodes. Reclaiming land conquered by the Romans.
Constans’ advisers told the Emperor that these Arabian Muslims, with their new religion not yet a human generation old, were mainly nomadic desert people. Constans felt comfortable with his superior numbers of fighters and sailors, and living in an area with 1,400 years of maritime adventures, that defeating the Arabians was within his grasp.
Yet within just a day of conflict, Constans would be the one who was defeated, jumping overboard dressed as a lowly-ranked sailor and crouching on the deck of a fishing boat and fleeing for his life. In fleeing from the scene of the battle, Constans eventually travelled to the Island of Sicily, thus leaving his mother-city Constantinople exposed.